A Land of Contrasts
The Hadoti region lies to the southeast, on the border with Madhya Pradesh. Dressed in costumes, the people of the desert dance and sing ballads.
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There are four national park and wildlife sanctuaries: A national level institute, Arid Forest Research Institute AFRI an autonomous institute of the ministry of forestry is situated in Jodhpur and continuously work on desert flora and their conservation. At one point, due to poaching and negligence, tigers became extinct at Sariska, but five tigers have been relocated there.
Rajasthan is divided into 33 districts within seven divisions:. Rajasthan's economy is primarily agricultural and pastoral. Wheat and barley are cultivated over large areas, as are pulses , sugarcane , and oilseeds. Cotton and tobacco are the state's cash crops. Rajasthan is among the largest producers of edible oils in India and the second largest producer of oilseeds. Rajasthan is also the biggest wool -producing state in India and the main opium producer and consumer.
There are mainly two crop seasons. The water for irrigation comes from wells and tanks. The Indira Gandhi Canal irrigates northwestern Rajasthan. The main industries are mineral based, agriculture based, and textile based.
Rajasthan is the second largest producer of polyester fibre in India. Several prominent chemical and engineering companies are located in the city of Kota , in southern Rajasthan. Rajasthan is pre-eminent in quarrying and mining in India. The Taj Mahal was built from the white marble which was mined from a town called Makrana. The state is the second largest source of cement in India. It has rich salt deposits at Sambhar , copper mines at Khetri , Jhunjhunu , and zinc mines at Dariba, Zawar mines and Rampura Agucha opencast near Bhilwara.
Dimensional stone mining is also undertaken in Rajasthan. Jodhpur sandstone is mostly used in monuments, important buildings and residential buildings. This stone is termed as "chittar patthar". Jodhpur leads in Handicraft and Guar Gum industry. Rajasthan is also a part of the Mumbai-Delhi Industrial corridor is set to benefit economically.
Rajasthan is [ when? The government of India has given permission to extract , barrels of crude per day from Barmer region which is now , barrels per day. Once this limit is achieved Rajasthan will become a leader in Crude extraction in Country. Bombay High leads with a production of , barrels crude per day. Once the limit of , barrels per day is reached, the overall production of the country will increase by 15 percent.
Cairn India is doing the work of exploration and extraction of crude oil in Rajasthan. Rajasthan also has reserves of low-silica limestone. Rajasthan is the largest producer of barley , mustard , pearl millet , coriander , fenugreek and guar in India. BhamaShah Mandi in Kota district is the Asia's largest mandi or market of coriander. Rajasthan is major producer of aloe vera , amla , oranges leading producer of maize , groundnut.
Rajasthan is 2nd in production of cumin , gram and 3rd in seed spices. The current production of olives in the state is around — tonnes annually. Rajasthan is India's second largest producer of milk. Rajasthan has dairy co-operative societies. Rajasthan is connected by many national highways. Most renowned being NH 8 , which is India's first 4—8 lane highway. All chief cities are connected by air, rail and road.
These airports connect Rajasthan with the major cities of India such as Delhi and Mumbai. Rajasthan is connected with the main cities of India by rail. However, this is not open to foreign nationals. Now in March ,75 per cent of all national highways being built in Rajasthan according to the public works minister of Rajasthan. Religion in Rajasthan . According to final results of Census of India , Rajasthan has a total population of 68,, The state of Rajasthan is also populated by Sindhis , who came to Rajasthan from Sindh province now in Pakistan during the India-Pakistan separation in As for religion, Rajasthan's residents are mainly Hindus , who account for Muslims make up 9.
Languages in Rajasthan Census . Hindi is the official and the most widely spoken language in the state Rajasthani and various Rajasthani dialects are counted under Hindi in the national census. In the census, standard Rajasthani had over 18 million speakers,  as well as millions of other speakers of Rajasthani dialects, such as Marwari.
The languages taught under the three-language formula are: Gujarati, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Sindhi or Urdu. Rajasthan is culturally rich and has artistic and cultural traditions which reflect the ancient Indian way of life. There is rich and varied folk culture from villages which are often depicted as a symbol of the state. Highly cultivated classical music and dance with its own distinct style is part of the cultural tradition of Rajasthan.
The music has songs that depict day-to-day relationships and chores, often focused around fetching water from wells or ponds. Rajasthani cooking was influenced by both the war-like lifestyles of its inhabitants and the availability of ingredients in this arid region. Food that could last for several days and could be eaten without heating was preferred. The scarcity of water and fresh green vegetables have all had their effect on the cooking. It is known for its snacks like Bikaneri Bhujia. Other famous dishes include bajre ki roti millet bread and lahsun ki chutney hot garlic paste , mawa kachori Mirchi Bada , Pyaaj Kachori and ghevar from Jodhpur, Alwar ka Mawa Milk Cake , Kadhi kachori from Ajmer, malpauas from Pushkar, Daal kachori Kota kachori from Kota and rassgollas from Bikaner.
Originating from the Marwar region of the state is the concept Marwari Bhojnalaya , or vegetarian restaurants, today found in many parts of India, which offer vegetarian food of the Marwari people. Dal-Bati-Churma is very popular in Rajasthan. The traditional way to serve it is to first coarsely mash the Baati then pour pure Ghee on top of it. It is served with the daal lentils and spicy garlic chutney.
Also served with Besan gram flour ki kadi. It is commonly served at all festivities, including religious occasions, wedding ceremonies, and birthday parties in Rajasthan.
It is a typical Rajasthani dish. The Ghoomar dance from Jodhpur Marwar and Kalbeliya dance of Jaisalmer have gained international recognition. Folk music is a large part of Rajasthani culture. Folk songs are commonly ballads which relate heroic deeds and love stories; and religious or devotional songs known as bhajans and banis which are often accompanied by musical instruments like dholak , sitar , and sarangi are also sung. Rajasthan is known for its traditional, colourful art.
The block prints, tie and dye prints, Bagaru prints, Sanganer prints, and Zari embroidery are major export products from Rajasthan. Handicraft items like wooden furniture and crafts, carpets, and blue pottery are commonly found here. Shopping reflects the colourful culture, Rajasthani clothes have a lot of mirror work and embroidery. A Rajasthani traditional dress for females comprises an ankle-length skirt and a short top, also known as a lehenga or a chaniya choli.
A piece of cloth is used to cover the head, both for protection from heat and maintenance of modesty. Rajasthani dresses are usually designed in bright colours like blue, yellow and orange. Rajasthan's desert festival is held once a year during winter. Dressed in costumes, the people of the desert dance and sing ballads. There are fairs with snake charmers, puppeteers, acrobats and folk performers. Camels play a role in this festival. During recent years, Rajasthan has worked on improving education.
The state government has been making sustained efforts to raise the education standard. In recent decades, the literacy rate of Rajasthan has increased significantly. In , the state's literacy rate was only In , the literacy rate increased to Although Rajasthan's literacy rate is below the national average of In rural areas of Rajasthan, the literacy rate is This has been debated across all the party level, when the governor of Rajasthan set a minimum educational qualification for the village panchayat elections.
In Rajasthan, Kota , Sikar , Jodhpur are major education hubs. Kota is popularly referred to as, "coaching capital of India". Rajasthan has nine universities and more than colleges. There are 41 engineering colleges with an annual enrollment of about 11, students.
In , Central University of Rajasthan a central university fully funded by Government of India , came into force near Kishangarh in Ajmer district. Rajasthan attracted total Rajasthan is famous for its custom culture colours, majestic forts and palaces, folk dances and music, local festivals, local food, sand dunes, carved temples, beautiful havelis.
Jaipur , the Pink City, is noted for the ancient houses made of a type of sandstone dominated by a pink hue. In Jodhpur, maximum houses are painted blue. At Ajmer , there is white marble Bara-dari on the Anasagar lake. Jain Temples dot Rajasthan from north to south and east to west. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Geography of Rajasthan. This article is about the Indian state. For the area of the ancient city of Samarkand, see Registan. For the desert in Afghanistan, see Rigestan.
From top, left to right: History of Rajasthan and List of battles of Rajasthan. List of palaces in Rajasthan. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. July Learn how and when to remove this template message.
This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Jaipur Alwar Jhunjhunu Sikar Dausa.
Ajmer Bhilwara Nagaur Tonk. Bikaner Churu Sri Ganganagar Hanumangarh. Baran Bundi Jhalawar Kota. Bharatpur Dholpur Karauli Sawai Madhopur. March Learn how and when to remove this template message. List of people from Rajasthan. List of institutions of higher education in Rajasthan. Rajasthan portal India portal South Asia portal Asia portal. Retrieved 21 July Archived from the original PDF on 28 December Retrieved 16 February Planning Commission, Government of India.
Retrieved 3 October Retrieved 13 November Ministry of Home Affairs. Retrieved 1 December Ministry of Culture, Government of India. Archived from the original PDF on 8 July Retrieved 26 December Bakshi 1 January Studies In Indian History: Colonel James Todd, who, as the first British official to visit Rajasthan, spent most of the s exploring its political potential, formed a very different idea of "Rush boots" […] and the whole region thenceforth became, for the British, 'Rajputana'.
The word even achieved a retrospective authenticity, [for,] in [his] translation of Ferishta's history of early Islamic India, John Bridge discarded the phrase 'Indian princes', as rendered in Dow's earlier version, and substituted 'Rajpoot princes'. Retrieved 5 June The Modern review History. Prabasi Press Private Ltd. Krishna Leela theme in Rajasthani miniatures. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bombay, Volume Up to the tenth century almost the whole of North India, excepting Bengal, owned their supremacy at Kannauj.
History of Ancient India: From where I stand: Monday, November 12, If all people start boycotting such weddings, it would definitely help eliminate child marriage. People are needed during a marriage ceremony: I took a group of women with me and visited the parents of a year-old girl whose marriage was fixed before she was of the legally When I was in Class 11 and there was no money for attending school, I dropped out.
I continued with my studies at home by taking notes from my friends and borrowing books. This is how I kept myself connected with studies, and I joined back school as soon as I had the means to do so. I am currently pursuing my studies and working simultaneously at the Empowerment Centre.
At Pragya, I got the opportunity to help women find jobs Dalit rights activists break new grounds in South Asia. Friday, August 3, Today, she is the first Dalit person I started working for women's empowerment more than 20 years ago when dowry killings were rampant in northern India. My friends and I set up an organization called Saheli in to help women facing domestic violence. Saheli, along with other women's groups, helped change many legislations including the law on domestic violence and the law against pornographic display of women.
But then I realized that all this helps only middle-class women who Monday, July 9, The Dalit community in this region is still considered the lowest of the historical castes and suffers widespread discrimination, despite recent legislation and initiatives.
In the words of Nidhi Goyal: Tuesday, June 19, Nidhi Goyal, 32, is a disabled feminist from India who works on disability rights and gender equality. After losing her sight as a teenager, Goyal committed herself to changing the lives of persons with disabilities, and particularly women and girls with disabilities. The breaking of silence and the global outrage that the MeToo movement in the US has triggered globally shows the pervasiveness of the problem, and we hope it will become a tipping point for awareness Women constitute a little less than half of the urban population in India.
It is crucial that the design of upcoming smart cities is gender Women farmers comprise approximately 65 per cent of the agricultural workforce in India. However, gender-specific barriers do not allow women farmers equal economic rights and opportunity, and they remain under-resourced, under-represented, unacknowledged and almost invisible How to ensure women have access to equal resources and opportunities?
Empowering women empowers humanity. Add your profile picture and tell the world we need to bridge the gender gap! Asia and the Pacific. A gender responsive budget Gender budgeting is a way for governments to promote equality through fiscal policy The mixed bag of gaps and progress since December 16, Violence against women and girls has become frontpage news across the world.
Ending violence against women: